Marks against the evil eye, medieval graffiti

On the walls of many churches in the département Eure in France are marks against the evil eye and other carvings, especially different kinds of crosses.

Boisney

The roman church Saint-Aubin of Boisney was built in the 12th century. It is consecrated to Albinus of Angers (468/469-550). The church is classified as Monument historique since 1862. I found one mark on the outside wall of the church that looked similar to those in Saint-Georges-du-Vièvre (where my photos were spoiled).

Zeichen an Saint-Aubin in Boisney, eigenes Foto, Lizenz: public domain/gemeinfrei

a strange mark on the wall of Saint-Aubin in Boisney, own photo, licence: public domain

Notre-Dame-d’Épine

Notre-Dame-d’Épine ist a village in the département Eure in France.
The church Notre-Dame in Notre-Dame-d’Épine was built in the 16th century. On the outer western wall are rests of a “litre funéraire”. A litre funéraire is a black band on the in- or outside of French churches, on which deceases of noble people related to the town are noted by paintings of their armorial bearings.
This church is full of carvings, especially crosses.

Kreuze, keine Ahnung wie SO ein erhöhtes kreuz heisst denn es steht nur auf einem Halbrund, eigenes Foto, Lizenz: public domain/gemeinfrei

crosses on the outer walls of the church Notre-Dame in Notre-Dame-d'Épine, own photo, licence: public domain

das sieht schon eher nach Zeichen gegen den bösen Blick aus, eigenes Foto, Lizenz: public domain/gemeinfrei

possible marks against the evil eye, own photo, licence: public domain

viele Kreuze, eigenes Foto, Lizenz: public domain/gemeinfrei

crosses, own photo, licence: public domain

ganz exotisch, eigenes Foto, Lizenz: public domain/gemeinfrei

strange carvings, own photo, licence: public domain

noch mehr Kreuze, eigenes Foto, Lizenz: public domain/gemeinfrei

more crosses, own photo, licence: public domain

L’Épine

L’Épine is a town in the département Marne, in the region Champagne-Ardenne in the northeast of France. In L’Épine stands a basilica Notre-Dame and due to a photo on Wikimedia Commons, that was sorted in the wrong category, I saw that the basilica shows similar carvings, “normal” crosses and some kind of patriarchal cross.

ein paar runde Sachen gibts auch, Foto von Wikimedia User:Vassil, Lizenz: public domain

and some circles too, marks on the outer wall of the basilica Notre-Dame in L'Épine, photo by Wikimedia User:Vassil, licence: public domain

Morsan

Morsan is a village in the département Eure in the Haute-Normandie in France. Chevalier Philémon Le Sens, baron de Morsan, belonged to the court of Henry IV of France and was governor of Bernay. Philémon Le Sens built himself a castle in Morsan. Florian-Gaston Le Sens was the last marquis de Morsan, he died in 1929. In World War II the German army used the castle as office.

The stables of the castle were built between 1650 and 1750. It is possible that the southwesternmost stable was used as a chapel. Atm it is a sheepbarn. There are some marks on the outer walls of that barn, that look just like those on churches and this could be an evidence for the “chapel-theory”.

das sieht doch verdächtig aus, eigenes Foto, Lizenz: public domain/gemeinfrei

Marks against the evil eye? Carvings on the outer wall of the sheepbarn in Morsan, own photo, licence: public domain

1749? Eigenes Foto, Lizenz: public domain/gemeinfrei

1749? own photo, licence: public domain

Apfelkreuze, eigenes Foto, Lizenz: public domain/gemeinfrei

Cross pommee, own photo, licence: public domain

knights templar map, it shows a river and the horse head (thanks Tony Martin), eigenes Foto, Lizenz: public domain/gemeinfrei

knights templar map, own photo, licence: public domain

Rosetten, böser Blick? Eigenes Foto, Lizenz: public domain/ gemeinfrei

rosettes or roses against the evil eye?, Tony Martin says those rosettes refer to Rosslyn Chapel, own photo, licence: public domain

Creative Commons License
This work is in the Public Domain.

Further reading

Norfolk Medieval Graffiti Survey, similar but often more elaborate carvings in Norfolk.

2 thoughts on “Marks against the evil eye, medieval graffiti

  1. Tony Martin

    your photo zeichen 4 is a knights templar map, the reason i know this is because i have the same carving on a boulder in the uk.
    it shows a river and the horse head (horse of god) see Poussin, les bergers arcadia.
    The rossette pentagram is also at my location and refers to the rose window at roslyn chapel.

  2. Oh wow thank you very much. That is exciting news. The next place I know of where templiers had a castle, was Louviers, which is around 45 kilometers from here. That place is full of legends about the treasure of the knights templars. One of the guardians that lived here before me, used to dig everywhere in the park in hope to find a treasure. hihihi There was none.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s