Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne, a village in Normandy

Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne is a French commune in the département Eure in the region Haute-Normandie.

Mairie (town hall), own photo, licence:public domain

Geography

Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne lies in the southeast of the Lieuvin between Hecmanville in the south and Saint-Pierre-de-Salerne in the north, 12 kilometres (7.46 miles) northeast of Bernay und 3,9 kilometres (2.42 miles) southwest of Brionne.

Town center and Maison de Charité (house of charity), own photo, licence:public domain

History

The commune was known as “Salernia” (in 1106), “Sanctus Ciriens de Salerna” (in 1216) and “Sanctus Cyriens de Salerna” (in 1293). The parish Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne belonged to the Abbey Saint-Pierre de Préaux in Les Préaux.

The cartulary of the Abbey Saint-Pierre de Préaux is a good source for informations about the commune, but it calls the two communes, Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne and Saint-Pierre-de-Salerne, often “Salerne” (or Salernia), without making a difference. In 1106 Robert I. de Beaumont (1050-1118), comte de Meulan passed the land he owned in “Salerne” on to the abbey.

The church Saint-Cyr-et-Sainte-Julitte with the porch, own photo, licence: public domain

In the year 1235 the abbot of Bec and der prior of Beaumont-le-Roger exchanged their rights on the tithe of Saint-Pierre and Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne with the abbot of Saint-Pierre de Préaux against the rights on the tithe of Le Tremblay-Omonville and La Neuville-du-Bosc.

The church Saint-Cyr-et-Sainte-Julitte, own photo, licence: public domain

In the year 1293 the seigneur of Harcourt, Jean II. d’Harcourt, passed the rights on all forests of “Salerne” on to the abbey Saint-Pierre de Préaux.

From 1556 until the French Revolution (1789-1799) the fief Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne belonged to the family Bellemare. Georges Cyr Antoine de Bellemare de Saint-Cyr participated in the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783).

In 1793 672 people were living in the commune, in 1806 it had 759 inhabitants, since then the population decreased until 1936 (184 inhabitants). In 2006 Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne had 222 residents.

Culture and Sights

Side entrance of the church Saint-Cyr-et-Sainte-Julitte, own photo, licence:public domain

The church Saint-Cyr-et-Sainte-Julitte was built in the 15th century and parts of the façade were reconstructed with white stones in the 16th century. The timber porch of the church was inscribed in the additional register of the “Monuments historiques” (historical monuments) in 1961 and the ensemble of church (with porch), cemetery and old yew trees is classified as “site classé” (natural monument).

The timber framed rectory was built in the 19th century. Nowadays it’s used as a town hall.

The “Maison de la charité” (house of charity) is also a timber framed house of the 19th century. It serves the “brotherhood of charity of Saint-Cyr” (“Confrérie de Charité“) since 1864 as a storehouse for their candles, costumes and banners. The Confréries de Charité are Norman associations. Most of them can be found in the département Eure. The brotherhoods consist of well-respected parishioners, their task is to organise burials of poor parishioners and the like. The different brotherhoods can be distinguished by their procession banners. The brotherhood of charity of Saint-Cyr is dedicated to the Saint Cyricus of Tarsus († 304). In 1864 the brotherhood of Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne had 12 members, today it still has 8 members.

Inside of the porch of the church Saint-Cyr-et-Sainte-Julitte, own photo, licence:public domain

Economy

Most of the Saint Cyriens are farmers. The son in law of our neighbour is a farmer in Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne and maybe he is the mayor of the commune as well, or a relative of the mayor. Anyways, the cows on the field of our neighbour belong to him.

A window in the church Saint-Cyr-et-Sainte-Julitte, own photo, licence: public domain

Sources

Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne on the website of the Préfecture von Eure (French)

Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne on annuaire-mairie.fr (French)

Ernest Poret Blosseville (1799-1886): Dictionnaire topographique de la France. Dictionnaire topographique du département de l’Eure : comprenant les noms de lieu anciens et modernes. Printed by Impr. Nationale in Paris 1877, pages:192+208+270f on Gallica (French)

Auguste Le Prevost, Léopold Delisle, Louis Paulin Passy, Andrew Dickson White:Société d’agriculture des belles-lettres, sciences et arts de L’Eure, volume 3. Mémoires et notes de M. Auguste Le Prevost pour servir à l’histoire du département de l’Eure. Printed in Évreux 1869, pages:96-99, on archive.org (French)

Anatole Caresme Charpillon: Dictionnaire historique de toutes les communes du département de l’Eure: histoire, géographie, statistique, volume 2. Printed by Delcroix in Les Andelys 1879, pages:765f in archive.org (French)

Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne on cassini.ehess.fr (French)

Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne in the Base Mérimée (French)

Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne on the website of the tourist office of the canton Brionne (French)

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Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne, a village in Normandy by stanze, Stanzilla, stanzebla is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

4 thoughts on “Saint-Cyr-de-Salerne, a village in Normandy

  1. Wellington Cirilo

    Hi. My name is Cirilo and I once read that the origins of this name is in this regions of sanit-cyr in France. Is that true?

  2. Cirilo is the Spanish version of a Greek first name “Kyrillos” or “Kyrios”, which means “lord” (like in husband, lord of a woman, because women had no civil rights). The French version of this first name is “Cyrille” or “Cyriacus” (short “Cyr”). Saint Cyriacus is the patron saint of loads of French communes. Here’s a list: http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint-cyr

    If it’s true, that your name derives from a French town you can chose between a lot of them.🙂

  3. SALERNE Why?
    Did you know that in southern FRANCE there is a town called SALERNES?
    ITALY know that there is a town called SALERNO?

  4. Yes, Salerno was called “Salernum” in Roman times.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=rsNpi7IVulEC&pg=PA56&dq=salerne&hl=de&cd=4#v=onepage&q=salerne&f=false
    Thats the result for French Salerne-versions, “sens inconnu”, means “meaning unknown”, so no idea it could derive from “salus” healthy. But since it was an Etruscan town… who knows? Salerno had Norman times too (after 1077, no idea how long).😛

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